The following passage was written by a 10th grader
Italian unification was a result of nationalism and alliances. After Camillo di Cavour was named prime minister of the Italian state of Piedmont, he started increasing government revenues and increase the size of the army. With these new ideals, Piedmont obtained Lombardy from Austria in 1859. Cavour’s success was what triggered other nationalist movements in southern Italy, which would ultimately result in its unification. Giuseppe Garibaldi, who controlled most of southern Italy in 1860, created a volunteer army that would eventually take over most of the Sicily and Naples. Later, in 1861, Garibaldi turned over his conquests to the Kingdom of Piedmont. This crucial decision, fueled by nationalism, was the turning point for the beginning of Italian unification. A new kingdom of Italy was then proclaimed under King Victor Emmanuel II. From this point forward, the Italian kingdom gained control of Venetia as a result of war between Austria and Prussia in 1866. Since Venetia had been obtained by Austria prior to this war, it was seen as a tremendous success to the Italian kingdom. Finally, Italy was able to annex Rome in 1970 after French troops withdraw during Franco-Prussian War.
Similar to German unification, Italian unification depended on alliances. When Camillo di Cavour obtained Lombardy after provoking Austria, he did so by creating an alliance with French emperor Louis-Napoleon. Similarly, the alliance between the southern Italian states with the Kingdom of Piedmont was crucial for developing a new kingdom. Finally, the Italian kingdom was only able to receive Venetia through an alliance with Prussia after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. Without this alliance, Austrian Venetia would never have been able to become re-obtained by the Italians, expanding their kingdom. These alliances were extremely necessary for the unification of Italy.