1. Learned behavior and instinct- Learned behavior involves creating an ability to do something through observation while instinct is a naturally occurring behavior. These are both behaviors that we use for our survival.
2. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning- Both of these types of conditioning involve the learning of some type of behavior as a response to a stimulus. While classical conditioning deals with learning to make an involuntary response, operant conditioning deals with the learning of voluntary behavior.
3. Vicarious conditioning and reflexive response- Vicarious conditioning is the classical conditioning of a reflex response by observing someone else, and a reflexive response is an involuntary response. Therefore, both are related.
4. Acquisition and extinction- Acquisition is the development of a skill and extinction is the disappearance of a learned response. They’re opposites and both deal with learned responses.
5. Biological preparedness and survival value- Survival value is an ability that makes individuals more likely to survive and biological preparedness is to learn certain associations to aid to the survival value of learning. Both deal with increasing survival value.
6. Reinforcement and punishment- While reinforcement is meant to increase a response, punishment is meant to decrease a response. Both deal with trying to change a behavior following a response.
7. Variable interval schedule and fixed interval schedule- Both of these deal with a schedule with reinforcement. While variable interval schedule has various intervals, fixed interval schedule has a fixed interval before reinforcement is possible. Both deal with reinforcement periods.
8. Latent learning and cognitive mapping- Cognitive mapping is actually an example of latent learning. Cognitive mapping is creating a mental map. One may not use cognitive mapping until they need to, which is an example of latent learning.
9. UCR and CR- UCR and CR are both responses to stimuli. A UCR is a reflex response to a stimulus, such as gasping in pain. A CR is a learned reflex response to a stimulus, such as gasping when seeing a spider if one has developed arachnophobia.
10. Observational learning and Bandura’s Bobo Doll- Children in the Bobo Doll experiment learned how to act based on observing others and how they treated the Bobo Doll. This is an example of observational learning as the children are not only learning their behavior, but can also observe the consequences and make judgments based off that.