11.00 Psych Journal

Every word must have a 3-5 word definition and 2 examples/applications.

1.     Insight

Being able to solve a problem quickly

1. Animal learning

2. Sudden realization

2.     Psychoanalysis

Psychological theory based on unconscious

1. Sigmund Freud

2. Repressed conflict

3.     Free association

Client talks freely

1. Unconditional positive regard

2. Psychologist doesn’t talk

4.     Manifest content

Actual content of a dream

1. Images or elements remembered

2. Not the interpretation or symbolic analysis of content

5.     Latent content

Hidden meaning of a dream

1. Analysis or interpretation

2. Unconscious motives

6.     Transference

To project past feelings onto therapist

1. Client projects bad feelings about parents onto therapist

2. Redirection of feelings

7.     Countertransference

Redirection of therapist’s feelings toward client

1. Therapist projects good feelings to client

2. Reverse of transference

8.     Client-centered therapy


Non directive form of talk therapy

1. Client leads discussion

2. Unconditional positive regard

9.     Carl Rogers

Believed people are innately good

1. Influenced by Maslow

2. Believed in full potential and self-actualization

10.  Nondirectional approach

Therapist remains neutral

1. Client-centered therapy

2. Free association

11.  Genuineness

Openness and self-disclosure

1. Carl Rogers

2. Self-actualization

12.  Unconditional positive regard

Positive regard given without conditions

1. Used in client-centered therapies

2. Creates positive atmosphere

13.  Accurate empathetic understanding





How accurate one can infer the thoughts of another

1. Recognizing emotions

2. Empathy reading


14.  Gestalt therapy







Psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility

1. Focuses on therapist-client relationship

2. Developed by Fritz Perls

15.  Fritz Perls







Coined the term “gestalt therapy”

1. Developed therapy with wife

2. Related to gestalt psychology

16.  Behavioral therapy






Action therapy based on classical and operant conditioning

1. Flooding

2. Systematic desensitization

17.  Counterconditioning




Training a response incompatible with an existing response

1. Training a dog to sit rather than run away when hearing a loud noise

2. Making someone relax when in proximity to a fear

18.  Aversion therapy




Undesirable behavior is paired with aversive stimulus

1. Pairing unwanted stimulus with discomfort

2. Flicking someone’s ear every time they bite their nails

19.  Systematic desensitization




Client makes a list of ordered fears

1. Developed by Wolpe in 50’s

2. Hierarchy of fear


20.  Extinction procedures




Conditioned response stops occurring

1. Dog stops sitting after not receiving a treat

2. Child throws tantrum again after parent stops giving in

21.  Flooding




Person is rapidly exposed to fear-provoking stimulus

1. Some one with arachnophobia is immersed in a container of spiders

2. Someone with the fear of heights is forced to climb a ladder with a harness

22.  Implosion




Clients re-live aversive scenes associated with anxiety

1. The remembering of traumatic event

2. Visualizing traumatic event

23.  Operant conditioning





The learning of voluntary behavior through various responses

1. Reinforcement

2. Punishment

24.  Behavioral contracting




Written agreement between client and therapist

1. Client gets a reward when getting rid of habit

2. Motivates client to comply

25.  Modeling




Learning through observation of others

1. Child models their parents

2. Celebrities are models (not good ones) for many children

26.  Cognitive therapy




Help clients think more rationally

1. Developed by Aaron Beck

2. To change thoughts

27.  Rational-emotive behavior therapy


Patients are challenged in their irrational beliefs

1. Developed by Albert Ellis

2. Form of CBT

28.  Albert Ellis




Developed principles of rational-emotive therapy

1. Dispute irrational beliefs

2. Rational interpretations

29.  Aaron Beck





“Father of cognitive therapy”

1. Clinical depression

2. Abnormal behavior

30.  Negative triad





Becks triad of negative thoughts

1. Negative about self

2. Negative about world

3. Negative about future

31.  Arbitrary interference




Person draws conclusion without evidence

1. Common in cognitive therapy

2. In Aaron Beck’s studies

32.  Dichotomous thinking




 Seeing only the extremes of a situation

1. Seeing only “black and white”

2. Common in borderline personality disorder

33.  Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)





Electrodes are placed on head to cure depression

1. Usually last line of intervention for treating depression

2. 70% of ECT patients are women

34.  Psychosurgery



Surgery to control psychological disorders

1. Collaboration between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons

2. Deep brain simulation is example

35.  Prefrontal lobotomy




Connections of prefrontal lobes are severed

1. Psychosurgery

2. Almost 200,00 lobotomies have been performed in the United States

36.  Psychopharmacology




The use of drugs to control psychological disorders  

1. Antidepressants

2. Antipsychotics

37.  Psychotropic drugs





Technical term for psychiatric medicines

1. Tricyclic

2. Lithium carbonate

38.  Antipsychotics





Drugs used to treat psychotic symptoms

1. For hallucinations

2. For delusions

39.  Antidepressants





Drugs used to treat depression

1. MAO inhibitor

2. Tricyclic


40.  Tricyclics





Chemical compounds used as anti-depressants

1. Also antihistamine

2. Also antipsychotic

41.  MAO inhibitors





Chemicals that are known to treat depression

1. Treatment of atypical depression

2. Antidepressant

42.  Selective reuptake inhibitors





Most commonly prescribed antidepressants

1. Also treat anxiety disorders

2. Also used for personality disorders

43.  Anxiolytics




Medication that inhibits anxiety

1. Opposite is anxiogenic

2. Alcohol induces anxiolysis

44.  Benzodiazepines





Psychoactive drug used to treat enhance anxiety and insomnia

1. Enhance the effect of GABA

2. Can be short, intermediate, or long acting

45.  Lithium carbonate





Used for treatment of bipolar disorder

1. Can also treat mania

2. Also treat depression

46.  Family therapy





Family members meet with therapist to resolve problems

1. Group therapy

2. Also known as family counseling

47.  Group therapy





Groups of patients meet to discuss problems with each other

1. Family therapy

2. Support group

48.  Hypnosis





State of consciousness where a person is susceptible to suggestion

1. Induced by hypnotic induction

2. Decrease in peripheral awareness

49.  Self-actualization

When people have achieved their full human potential

1. Proposed by Maslow

2. Hierarchy of needs

50.  Twelve-step programs

Guiding principles to recover from addiction

1. Can also help with compulsion

2. Proposed by Alcoholics Anonymous